What are Domain Name Rights?

This article also answers the following questions:

  • What are domain names?
  • What types of domain names are there?
  • How are domains registered?

What are Domain Names?

Domain names are the text form of a numerical internet protocol address.  The domain name itself is split into two parts: before and after “the dot” (known as the second level domain (SLD) and the top level domain (TLD)).

What are Top Level Domains?

The TLD comprises of either an international/generic indicator (where no geographical origin is implied), or a country-specific indicator.  For example, .gov (governmental) and .org (not-for-profit organisations) are both well known generic TLDs, with .com the most desirable for business organisations to use.  Country-specific TLDs (such as .co.uk (UK), .fr (France) and .au (Australia)) are commonly in use in their particular residences.  A registry is in charge of all domains ending with a particular TLD and has access to the list of domain names ending with these.  The Internet Corporation of Assigned Names and Numbers coordinates the unique identifiers of domains across the world.

What are Second Level Domains?

Independently, the SLD is the name registered by the user and is then used to provide online systems (website, email etc).  These domain names are usually bought via a large competition of registrars and are awarded on a “first-come, first-served” basis.  Registration takes less than 24 hours and prevents identical domain names being used.